Bài tập tiếng anh lớp 9 unit 6

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MÔN TIẾNG ANH 9 Language Focus Unit 6: THE ENVIRONMENT I. Adjectives và Adverbs (Tính từ cùng Trạng Từ) a. Adjective: VỊ TRÍ CỦA TÍNH TỪ: - Tính trường đoản cú đứng trước một danh từ bỏ để xẻ nghĩa mang đến danh từ bỏ đó. Ex: It is a trắng shirt. - Tính tự theo sau một vài động từ như: to lớn be, seem, keep, look, feel, taste, sound, smell, get, become Ex: She is intelligent. B. Adverb: CÁCH THÀNH LẬP TRẠNG TỪ CHỈ THỂ CÁCH: Tính từ + ly Trạng tự bad + ly badly slow + ly = slowly happy + ly happily một số trường hòa hợp ngoại lệ: good well early early late late hard hard fast fast Ex: He is a good student. He studies well. Trạng trường đoản cú có tính năng bổ nghĩa mang lại động từ bỏ thường. II. ADVERB CLAUSES OF REASON: các mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ vì sao Mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ lý do ban đầu bằng: Because / Since / As nói lên lý do của sự việc được biểu đạt qua mệnh đề chính. Ex: bố is tired because / since / as he stayed up late watching TV. III. ADJECTIVE + THAT CLAUSE trong số ấy “that-clause” bổ sung cập nhật nghĩa mang đến adjective; với nghĩa “rằng, là, mà”. S + lớn be + Adjective + That + S + V Ex: That’s wonderful. I am pleased that you are working hard. Adj. That-clause IV. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES TYPE 1 (Câu đk loại 1) nói đến một khả năng rất có thể xảy ra, thành hiện nay trong tương lai. Câu điều kiện thường thì có 2 phần: - Phần nêu ra điều kiện bước đầu với IF ta call là mệnh đề chỉ đk (If Clause). Giả dụ mệnh đề if viết trước thì phải gồm dấu phảy. - Phần nêu lên hiệu quả gọi là mệnh đề chính. (Main Clause) IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Verb in Simple Present (Hiện trên Đơn) Verb in Simple Future (Tương lai đơn) If - S – V (s/es)- O S – will – V (bare infinitive) - O 1Ex: If we pollute the water, we will have no fresh water lớn use.    UNIT 7: SAVING ENERGY I. Connectives (các từ bỏ nối): and, but, because, or, so, therefore, however Có chức năng nối những từ, những mệnh đề, những câu lại cùng với nhau. Ex: I’d love lớn play volleyball but I have to lớn complete an assignment. II. Phrasal verbs (Các ngữ động từ) turn off (tắt), turn on (mở, bật), look for (tìm, kiếm), look after (trông nom, chăm sóc), go on (tiếp tục) III. Making Suggestions (Đưa ra lời đề nghị) 1. SUGGEST + V-ING: Ex: I suggest collecting some money. 2. SUGGEST + (that) + S + should +V: Ex: I suggest (that) you should speak English in class. UNIT 8: CELEBRATIONS I. RELATIVE CLAUSES (Các mệnh đề quan tiền hệ) 1. Mệnh đề xác minh (defining) là mệnh đề cần thiết để hiểu rõ nghĩa danh tự đứng trước nó. Mệnh đề này không tồn tại dấu phảy trước cùng sau nó. Ex: I don’t know the girl who/that you met yesterday. 2. Mệnh đề không khẳng định (non-defining) là mệnh đề không quan trọng phải tất cả để làm tác dụng giới hạn danh trường đoản cú đứng trước nó, nghĩa là bạn dạng thân danh tự trước nó đã rõ. Vì vậy mệnh đề này thường được sử dụng sau danh tự riêng, tải tính trường đoản cú hoặc những tính từ chỉ định và hướng dẫn (phải có dấu phẩy làm việc trước và sau mệnh đề). Ex: Mr. Pike, who is my neighbor, is very nice. (không được dùng that) 3. Biện pháp dùng: FUNCTIONS DEFINING NON-DEFINING people WHO / THAT WHO SUBJECT things / animals WHICH / THAT WHICH people WHO(M) / THAT WHO(M) OBJECT things / animals WHICH / THAT WHICH people WHOSE WHOSE POSSESSIVE things / animals WHOSE WHOSE II. ADVERB CLAUSES OF CONCESSION (Các mệnh đề trạng ngữ chỉ sự nhượng bộ) 1. Although / even though / though + clause: tuy vậy / mặc dầu Ex: Although they were tired, they continued working. 2. In spite of / despite + noun / noun phrase: Ex: In spite of / Despite heavy traffic, he arrived on time.    UNIT 9: NATURAL DISASTERS Grammar: Relative pronouns (continued)    UNIT 10 : LIFE ON OTHER PLANETS I. MAY / MIGHT: 1. Miêu tả một khả năng rất có thể xảy ra, mà lại không chắc chắn là lắm: MAY / MIGHT + V (bare infinitive) Ex: What is in this box? - It may / might be a watch. * Note: May có vẻ chắc hơn Might một chút. MAY / MIGHT+ BE + V-ING (có thể đang làm gì) 2Ex: Where’s Jim? He may/ might be doing his homework. * Note: Khi miêu tả sự chắc hẳn chắn, ta sử dụng must / have khổng lồ + V-inf Ex: What’s that? It must be a star. 2. MAY NOT / MIGHT NOT là dạng phủ định của may / might 3. MAY / MIGHT diễn tả khả năng không chắc chắn rằng ở tương lai. Ex: He may / might come tomorrow. 4. MAY có thể dùng nhằm xin phép và mang lại phép: Ex: May I go out? Yes, you may. II. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES: TYPE II diễn tả điều kiện không tồn tại thật ở hiện nay tại. IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Simple Past (Quá Khứ Đơn) Simple Conditional If - S – V (2/ed)- O S – would – V (bare infinitive) - O Ex: If I were you, I wouldn’t vì that. (Thật sự tôi quan trọng nào là bạn được.) 3BÀI TẬP THAM KHẢO B.RELATIVE CLAUSES I)Combine these pairs of sentences,using who,which,where và whose. 1. He met many friends. The friends encouraged him in his work. 2. He often tells me about his village .He was born there. 3. Can you understand the question? He asked toy the question last time. 4. The man is an architect. We play with his son every day. 5. The city was very beautiful. We spent our vacation in that city. 6. The train broke down twice on the way .It arrived two hours late. 7. I stopped in a small town .My sister was working there. 8. The book was rather difficult. I gave him that book. 9. The picture has been stolen. You were talking about it. 10. She is the girl. I bought these roses for her. 11. This morning I met Diana. I hadn’t seen her for ages. 12. Tulip computers are very good. They are made in Holland. 13. I saw a girl. Her beauty took my breath away. 14. John is absent from school. His mother’s in hospital. 15. Arlene đen never turned up. Guy invited her onto his chat show. II)Fill in each blank with a suitable relative pronoun(who,that,which,where,whose). 1. She is the girl . Sits next lớn me in class. 2. Hunger và poverty are worldwide problems khổng lồ solutions must be found. 3. People fear flying avoid traveling by plane. 4. That is the man daughter won the first prize in the contest. 5. I read about a man . Keeps chickens in his apartment. 6. We used the maps my sister drew for us. 7. That is the place the accident occurred. 8. We couldn’t find the man oto was blocking our driveway. 9. My father’s car, is very old, uses too much gasoline. 10. The house I was born & grew up was destroyed in an earthquake. VOCABULARY 1. Complete the passage, using the words in the box. Which - raw sewerage – spills - polluted - waste - marine life - without - garbage 4Our oceans are becoming extremely (1) ___. Most of this pollution comes from the land that means it come from people. First, there is (2) ___ which is pumped directly into the sea. Many countries, both developed và developing, are guilty of doing this. Secondly, ships drop about six million tons of (3) ___ into the sea each year. Thirdly, there are oil (4) ___ from ships. A ship has an accident và oil leaks from the vessel. This not only pollutes the water, but it also kills (5) ___. Next, there are waste materials from factories, (6) ___ proper regulation, factory owners let the (7) ___ run directly into the rivers, (8) ___ then leads khổng lồ the sea. And finally, oil is washed from the land. This can be the result of carelessness or a deliberate dumping of waste. 2. Complete the passage, using the words in the box. Energy - nuclear power nguồn - electricity – instead - be - of - panels – pollution “Are you looking for a cheep, clean, effective source power nguồn that doesn’t cause (1) ___ or waste natural resources? Look no further than solar energy from our sun. At present, most of our (2) ___ comes from the use of coal and gas, oil or (3) ___.

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This power could be provide by the sun. One percent of the solar (4) ___ that reaches the Earth is enough to lớn provide power for the total population. Many countries are already using solar energy. Solar (5)___ are placed on the roof of a house and the Sun’s energy is used to heat water. The energy can be stored for a number (6) ___ days, so on cloudy days you can use solar energy too. Sweden has an advanced solar energy program. There, all buildings will (7) ___ heated by solar energy và cars will use solar power (8) ___ of gas by the year 2015” 3. Complete the passage, using the words in the box. Heavy – earthquake – move – block – doorway – take –from - container If you live in an earthquake zone, you should (1) some time to lớn look around your house. Place (2) books on the bottom shelf of your bookshelves. (3) the rollers on your fridge & washing machines khổng lồ prevent them (4) moving. Put hanging potted plants in the plastic (5) check the mirrors in your bathroom and bedroom. Make sure they can’t (6) . Don’t put your bed next to a window. Planning where you are going to be during an (7) is very important. The first thing to lớn remember is khổng lồ stay inside. Then you should sit under a strong table or (8) or stand in the corner of a room. 4. Fill in the each blank with the correct size of the word in parentheses: 1. We must learn about keeping environment (polluted) 2. Environment is everybody’s responsibility. (protect) 3. Scientists are looking for an way to lớn reduce energy consumptions. (effect) 54. Is now a serious problem in many countries. (forest) 5. Can you tell me the reasons for the Mother’s Day? (celebrate) 6. Passover of the Jewish people is a festival which celebrates from slavery. (free) 7. I’m very of my father and love him so much. (pride) 8. The earthquake caused terrible (destroy) 9. Thousands of people were killed in that morning. (disaster) 10. I’m afraid of the picture which shows a violent (erupt) 5. Fill each gap in the sentences with a suitable word from the box: Bulb, Santa Claus, funnel, polluted, electricity, Halloween, drought, Auld Lang Syne 1. Air can cause illness và even death. 2. We have to lớn change the , it has gone. 3. Vì you know next week is ? It’s on October 31 4. Vì you prefer cooking with or gas. 5. Visits children and brings them presents on Christmas’ Eve. 6. A tornado looks like a big, dark coming from the bottom of a storm cloud. 7. Is a tuy nhiên that is sung on New Year’s Eve. 8. There is no rain for two months. The makes land so dry that farmers cannot grow anything . - to reduce energy consumptions: làm giảm sự tiêu dùng năng lượng GRAMMAR Correct verb form: 1. They cannot swim in this part of the river because the water (pollute) highly. 2. Yesterday when you (phone), I (work) in my garden. 3. If she came before six, she (meet) her friends. 4. You (visit) One – pillar Pagoda when you were in Hanoi? 5. Look! It’s cloudy. It (rain) 6. These students (learn) English since they (be) six. 7. I suggest (organize) a show to raise money. 8. Kangaroo can (see) everywhere in Australia. 9. A new textbook (publish) next year. 10. If the climate (change), we (meet) with natural disasters. 611. Listen! Someone (knock) on the front door. 12. My brother (sell) his old motorbike because it (not be) economical. 13. I look forward to (hear) from you and (see) good respond from your company. 14. Many buildings in our city (heat) by solar energy in 2050. 15. I wish I (live) in a big city. It’s so boring in the country. Complete the sentences below with appropriate adjectives or adverbs. Using the adjectives or adverbs in the box. Careful – fast – hot – badly – late – far – beautifully – sure 1. He behaved surprisingly at the party. 2. Oh, he’s running very . I can’t catch up with him. 3. Is your school from here? – No, it’s just a short distance away. 4. You say that Mark is a driver? I can’t agree with you less. 5. I was that he was having some trouble with his boss. 6. The room is decorated for Christmas. 7. The weather is getting in the summer. 8. He got up so that he missed the bus this morning. Rewrite the following sentences, using adjective + that clause 1. Everyone enjoyed the picnic. We were delighted. 2. Ann missed the match. Peter was disappointed. 3. I go lớn DALAT. I’m excited. 4. I’ve not phoned you. I’m disappointed. 5. George was waiting khổng lồ meet me. I was pleased. Make sentences, using the words given. Using adj. + that clause. 1. Her parents / be worried / she / come home / late / yesterday evening. 2. She / proud / she / win / race. 3. Children / happy / their / parents / buy / them / toys. 4. I / sorry / I / break / bike. 5. I/ amazed/ she/ win the first prize Choose the suitable connectives khổng lồ complete sentences: 1. Ba got wet (so / because / but) he forgot his umbrella. 2. It’s raining, (so / because / however) I can’t go to the beach. 3. Nam is very tired. (However / There fore / Although), he has lớn finish his homework before going khổng lồ bed. 4. Hoa didn’t pass her Math test. (However / Therefore / Though) she had to do the thử nghiệm again. 5. I’d lượt thích to play soccer with you (and / but / or) I have to lớn finish my homework first. 76. The Australians enjoy Christmas (and / but / although) Christmas season is in summer. 7. He likes playing chess (or / & / so) watching TV. 8. Hurry up (and / but / or) we’ll be late for the bus 8